Cat’s can detect some colours but cannot see the same detail as humans in the daylight. They can however detect the smallest movement around them and this trait is what makes them perfect hunters. They can judge distance very accurately and even though their eyes are un-proportionately large when compared to their head, they lose sight of their prey if it stays still.Cats are born with blue eyes and as they grow older the colour of their eyes change to yellow, orange, green, blue and even lavender.
Cat’s eyes also indicate their mood. When your cat’s pupils are dilated it is a signal of fear. When the cat’s ears are at the same time aroused then it is a sign of excitement.
When the pupils constrict in the daylight it could either be a reflex action to limit the amount of light or it could be a sign of arousal and alert. In order to understand the full mood of your cat you have to note the position of its whiskers, tail and posture.
In the dark when the pupil is fully dilated the cat uses its whiskers to detect its surroundings. Cats have whiskers on the upper lip,above the eye and on the chin. The cat’s whiskers allows it to sense the direction, speed of a movement as well as appreciation of its surroundings.
The cat’s ears are more sound sensitive than dogs’. The cats can hear high frequency sounds three times more than humans. Cats can understand and react to what you say from the tone and frequency of your voice. They also become familiar to known sounds, for example they can distinguish their owners footsteps. To give you another example, every time I sing in the house my cat runs towards me full of excitement. And yet the cats have the ability to fade away insignificant sounds and familiar sounds in the background but still remain alert to any unfamiliar, or sounds that denote danger. Cats mostly use their sight and hearing when they hunt.
The cat’s sense of smell comes to use as a means of communication. The cat’s tongue is used as a comb, bath as well as an organ of taste. Its tongue is sensitive to temperature and taste even though strangely enough, cats cannot distinguish the sense of sweet.
There are many stories that suggest the fact that cats have a sixth sense. Movies show cats who can sense spirits and ghosts, they can sense death and other unnatural phenomena. However, there are many real life situations when cats predicted natural catastrophes, storms, earthquakes, floods, and they moved their kittens in advance to a secure shelter.
Your cat’s face can also indicate its mood. For example dilated pupils, pulled back whiskers and flattened ears are a sign that the cat is frighten.
On the other hand, when your cat is annoyed it will turn its ears back, its whiskers forward and its pupils will constrict.
A happy and relaxed cat will have relaxed whiskers and may have half-closed eyes.
The cat’s tail is used both for communication and for balance. When the tail is held high with a slight bend forward is usually a sign of greet.
When the cat is walking, especially when trying to maintain a good balance, it will keep its tail relaxed towards the ground.
The cat’s tail is bend in an inverted U position when the cat is running, chasing or playing.
When the cat’s tail is straighten upwards and is fluffed up it could be a sign of intense stress, fear or aggression.
The posture of your cat can also communicate the cat’s intentions. When the cat is about to attack, during hunting, the cats will lower down, balancing its body and ensuring accurate and sudden strike. Only the tip of its tail will wagged slightly.
When the cat is arching its back and body, while standing at another cat’s angle, it indicates a defensive attitude. On the other end, if the cat is arching its back, its fur is fluffed up on its tail and along its spine, whilst its tail is straight pointing downwards, then it is a sign of being the aggressor in a conflict.
Cats begin to purr when they are kittens as a sign of wellness. Older cats purr in order to initiate play but they can also purr when they are in pain for self-reassurance. All cats purr at the same frequency irrespective of age, breed or sex. However, purring varies in intensity depending on the cat’s enthusiasm. Cats mostly purr when they are seeking for attention or as an indication of pleasure.